-osis

-osis
suffix (pl. -oses) denoting a process or condition (apotheosis; metamorphosis), esp. a pathological state (acidosis; neurosis; thrombosis).
Etymology: L f. Gk -osis suffix of verbal nouns

* * *

a suffix occurring in nouns that denote actions, conditions, or states (hypnosis; leukocytosis; osmosis), esp. disorders or abnormal states (chlorosis; neurofibromatosis; tuberculosis). Cf. -otic.
[on the model of Gk borrowings ending in Gk -osis, as sklerosis SCLEROSIS, derived orig. from verbs ending in the formative -o- (-o- in n. derivatives), with the suffix -sis -SIS]

* * *

-osis /-ō-sis/
n combining form
1. Denoting: (1) a condition or process
2. (2) a diseased condition
ORIGIN: L -osis, Gr -ōsis

* * *

-osis,
plural -oses. suffix.
1. act or process of _____, or state or condition of _____, as in osmosis, cyanosis.
2. an abnormal condition, as in mononucleosis, neurosis, trichinosis, thrombosis.
[< Latin -osis < Greek -ōsis]

* * *

suffix (pl. -oses) denoting a process or condition

metamorphosis

denoting a pathological state

neurosis | thrombosis

Origin:
via Latin from Greek -ōsis, verbal noun ending

* * *

-osis
suffix, representing Gr. -ωσις, originating in the addition of the general suffix -σις, forming verbal nouns of action or condition, to derivative vbs. in -ό-ω from adj. and n. stems or combining forms in ο-: e.g. ἀµαύρωσις darkening, obscuration of sight, amaurosis, f. ἀµαυρό-ω to darken, f. ἀµαυρός dark; µεταµόρϕωσις transformation, f. µεταµορϕό-ω, f. µετά + µορϕή form. Many such words also were formed directly from the ns. or adjs. themselves, or their compounds, without the intervention of a vb. in -όω, e.g. ἀνθράκωσις malignant ulcer, anthracosis, f. ἄνθραξ, ἄνθρακο- coal, carbuncle, ἐξόστωσις outgrowth of bone, exostosis, f. ἐξ out + ὀστέο-ν bone.
Many of these Greek terms have been adopted in Latin ancient or modern, whence they have passed into English use, e.g. anastomosis, apotheosis, metamorphosis, rhetorical terms, as anadiplosis, miosis, and esp. medical terms, as amaurosis, anchylosis, cyphosis, exostosis, sclerosis, thrombosis, etc. On the analogy of these last, others have been freely formed in mod.L., Eng., and other modern langs., from Greek elements, as chlorosis, cyanosis, ichthyosis, trichinosis; less frequently from Latin, as pediculosis, tuberculosis. The stress is etymologically -ˈōsis; but popular use has shifted it in metaˈmorphosis; so anaˈmorphosis. The Ger. form of the ending is also -osis, the French is -ose.

Useful english dictionary. 2012.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • OSIS — (Open Scripture Information Standard (Offener Schrift Informations Standard)) ist eine XML Anwendung (oder Schema), die Elemente definiert für strukturierte Informationen, hauptsächlich Bibeln, theologische Kommentare und ähnliche Literatur,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Osis — may refer to: Open Source Information System Open Scripture Information Standard The suffix osis is used for form number of medical terms. The suffix itself signifies only a general functional disorder, but the constructed words are more specific …   Wikipedia

  • -osis — suffix expressing state or condition, in medical terminology denoting a state of disease, from L. osis and directly from Gk. osis, formed from the aorist of verbs ending in o. It corresponds to Latin atio …   Etymology dictionary

  • -osis — Sufijo que denota un proceso o un estado morboso degenerativo. Medical Dictionary. 2011 …   Diccionario médico

  • -osis — DEFINICIJA kao drugi dio riječi označava stanje (ob. med.) [neurosis]; oza ETIMOLOGIJA grč. osis …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • -osis — [ō′sis] [L < Gr ōsis < ō , o , ending of preceding verbal or substantive stem + sis] suffix forming nouns 1. state, condition, action [hypnosis] 2. an abnormal or diseased condition [psychosis, mycosis] 3. increase or formation… …   English World dictionary

  • -osis — suf. ☛ V. sis …   Diccionario de la lengua española

  • -osis — ► SUFFIX (pl. oses) ▪ denoting a process, condition, or pathological state: metamorphosis. ORIGIN Greek …   English terms dictionary

  • osis — han·sen·osis; homo·kary·osis; homo·osis; hy·da·tid·osis; hy·per·vi·ta·min·osis; hy·po·vi·ta·min·osis; la·tex·osis; par·a·sit·osis; pre·can·cer·osis; res·in·osis; sar·coid·osis; sat·el·lit·osis; spi·ro·chet·osis; tyro·sin·osis; homo·cary·osis;… …   English syllables

  • -osis — ► sufijo Componente de palabra procedente del gr. osis, que significa enfermedad no inflamatoria o crónica: ■ mixomatosis. * * * osis Elemento sufijo de origen griego con que se forman nombres de enfermedades crónicas: ‘cirrosis, neurosis’. * * * …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”